Análisis del entrenamiento resistido en el perfil glicémico: una revisión bibliográfica

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Gaspar Pinto da Silva Claudio Hernández-Mosqueira Gustavo Pavéz-Adasme Sandro Fernandes da Silva

Resumen

La presente revisión bibliográfica surge de la necesidad de revisar la evidencia sobre el efecto del entrena-miento resistido en el perfil glicémico. La búsqueda de información se realiza en las bases de datos Ebsco, PubMed, Google Académico y Researchgate, restringida a publicaciones de los años 2011 a 2016. Se utiliza-ron las siguientes palabras clave: Entrenamiento de Resistencia y de control de la diabetes, el Entrenamiento de Resistencia y el control de glucémico, el Entrenamiento de Resistencia y Control de la Salud. Fueron encontrados 841 artículos, a continuación, se excluyeron los artículos que no cumplían con los criterios de inclusión del estudio, de estos 75 fueron excluidos porque no manifestaran el efecto del entrenamiento de resistencia en la glucosa. Finalmente solo 6 estudios fueron seleccionados y analizados para la presente investigación. Los resultados de esta revisión muestran que los métodos de ER, se consideran importantes componentes cuando el objetivo principal es preservar el buen estado de salud, interviniendo positivamente en el perfil glucémico y minimizando los factores de riesgo inherentes a una dieta pobre y estilo de vida sedentario, demostrando que no es sólo el entrenamiento aeróbico el que puede mantener el buen estado de salud.



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Sección
Revisión Teórica
Citas

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Boudou, P., De Kerviler, E., Vexiau, P., Fiet, J., Cathelineau, G., & Gautier, J. (2000). Effects of a single bout of exercise and exercise training on steroid levels in middle-aged type 2 diabetic men: relationship to abdominal adipose tissue distribution and metabolic status. Diabetes & Metabolism 26(6):450-457. http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/11173715


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Daly, R. M., Miller, E. G., Dunstan, D. W., Kerr, D. A., Solah, V., Menzies, D., & Nowson, C. A. (2014). The effects of progressive resistance training combined with a whey-protein drink and vitamin D supplementation on glycaemic control, body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors in older adults with type 2 diabetes: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 15, 431-431.doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-15-431


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Garber, C. E., Blissmer, B., Deschenes, M. R., Franklin, B. A., Lamonte, M. J., Lee, I.-M., . . . Swain, D. P. (2011). Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory, Musculoskeletal, and Neuromotor Fitness in Apparently Healthy Adults: Guidance for Prescribing Exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(7), 1334-1359. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318213fefb


Geirsdottir, O. G., Arnarson, A., Ramel, A., Briem, K., Jonsson, P. V., & Thorsdottir, I. (2015). Muscular strength and physical function in elderly adults 6–18 months after a 12-week resistance exercise program. Scandinavian journal of public health, 43(1), 76-82. 


Gordon, B. A., Fraser, S. F., Bird, S. R., & Benson, A. C. (2013). Insulin sensitivity not modulated 24 to 78 h after acute resistance exercise in type 2 diabetes patients. Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism, 15(5), 478-480. doi: 10.1111/dom.12057


Hamasaki, H., Kawashima, Y., Tamada, Y., Furuta, M., Katsuyama, H., Sako, A., & Yanai, H. (2015). Associations of Low-Intensity Resistance Training with Body Composition and Lipid Profile in Obese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. PLoS One, 10(7), e0132959.


Hameed, U. A., Manzar, D., Raza, S., Shareef, M. Y., & Hussain, M. E. (2012). Resistance training leads to clinically meaningful improvements in control of glycemia and muscular strength in untrained middle-aged patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. North American journal of medical sciences, 4(8), 336.


Ishiguro, H., Kodama, S., Horikawa, C., Fujihara, K., Hirose, A. S., Hirasawa, R., . . . Sone, H. (2015). In Search of the Ideal Resistance Training Program to Improve Glycemic Control and its Indication for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, 46(1), 67-77. doi: 10.1007/s40279-015-0379-7


Liao, H.-c., Zhong, S.-g., Li, P., Chen, W.-b., Cheng, C., Wang, Y.-g., . . . Xiao, C. (2015). Effects and mechanism of moderate aerobic exercise on impaired fasting glucose improvement. Lipids Health Dis, 14(1), 1.


Little, J. P., Gillen, J. B., Percival, M. E., Safdar, A., Tarnopolsky, M. A., Punthakee, Z., . . . Gibala, M. J. (2011). Low-volume high-intensity interval training reduces hyperglycemia and increases muscle mitochondrial capacity in patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Applied Physiology, 111(6), 1554-1560.



Mahdirejei, H. A., Abadei, S. F. R., Seidi, A. A., Gorji, N. E., Kafshgari, H. R., Pour, M. E., . . . Khayeri, M. (2014). Effects of an eight-week resistance training on plasma vaspin concentrations, metabolic parameters levels and physical fitness in patients with type 2 diabetes. Cell Journal (Yakhteh), 16(3), 367.


Moe, B., Augestad, L. B., Åsvold, B. O., & Flanders, W. D. (2011). Effects of aerobic versus resistance training on glycaemic control in men with type 2 diabetes. European journal of sport science, 11(5), 365-374.


Park, J.-H., Park, H., Lim, S.-T., & Park, J.-K. (2015). Effects of a 12-week healthy-life exercise program on oxidized low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and carotid intima-media thickness in obese elderly women. Journal of physical the-rapy science, 27(5), 1435.


Paula, C. C., Cunha, R. M., & Tufanin, A. T. (2014a). Análise do impacto do treinamento resistido no perfil lipídico de idosos. Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento, 22(1), 150-156.


Paula, C. C., Cunha, R. M., & Tufanin, A. T. (2014b). Análise do impacto do treinamento resistido no perfil lipídico de idosos. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18511/0103-1716/rbcm.v22n1p150-156


Pinheiro, CP., Oliveira, MDP., Faro, GBdA., Silva, EC., Rocha, EAAd., Barreto-Filho, JAS., . . . Sousa, ACS. (2013). Valor prognóstico da hiperglicemia de estresse na evolução intra-hospitalar na coronariopatia aguda. Arq Bras Cardiol, 100(2), 127-134.


Quílez Llopis, P., & Reig García-Galbis, M. (2015). Control glucémico a través del ejercicio físico en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2; revisión sistemática. Glycemic Control Through Physical Exercise in type 2 Diabetes Systematic Review, 31(4), 1465-1472. doi: 10.3305/nh.2015.31.4.7907


Reis Filho, A. D. d., Vitto, J. P. P., Vieira Junior, R. C., & Voltarelli, F. A. (2013). Análise da glicemia capilar após 12 semanas de treinamento resistido em mulheres. Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento, 21(3), 150-156.


Roma, M. F. B., Busse, A. L., Betoni, R. A., Melo, A. C. d., Kong, J., Santarem, J. M., & Jacob Filho, W. (2013). Efeitos das atividades físicas resistida e aeróbia em idosos em relação à aptidão física e à funcionalidade: ensaio clínico prospectivo. Einstein (São Paulo), 11(2), 153-157.


Schreuder, T., Munckhof, I., Poelkens, F., Hopman, M., & Thijssen, D. (2015). Combined aerobic and resistance exercise training decreases peripheral but not central artery wall thickness in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Eur J Appl Physiol, 115(2), 317-326. doi: 10.1007/s00421-014-3016-5


Shabani, R., Nazari, M., Dalili, S., & Hassanzadeh Rad, A. (2015). Effect of Circuit Resistance Training on Glycemic Control of Females with Diabetes Type II. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 6, 39-42. doi: 10.4103/2008-7802.154923


Shabani, R., Nazari, M., Dalili, S., & Rad, A. H. (2015). Effect of Circuit Resistance Training on Glycemic Control of Females with Diabetes Type II. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 6, 34. doi: 10.4103/2008-7802.154923


Shaw, B. S., Shaw, I., & Brown, G. A. (2015). Resistance exercise is medicine: Strength training in health promotion and rehabilitation. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 22(8), 233.


Slentz, C. A., Bateman, L. A., Willis, L. H., Shields, A. T., Tanner, C. J., Piner, L. W., . . . Nelson, R. C. (2011). Effects of aerobic vs. resistance training on visceral and liver fat stores, liver enzymes, and insulin resistance by HOMA in overweight adults from STRRIDE AT/RT. American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism, 301(5), E1033-E1039.


Vinetti, G., Mozzini, C., Desenzani, P., Boni, E., Bulla, L., Lorenzetti, I., . . . Assanelli, D. (2015). Supervised exercise training reduces oxidative stress and cardiometabolic risk in adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Scientific reports, 5.


Yardley, J. E., Kenny, G. P., Perkins, B. A., Riddell, M. C., Malcolm, J., Boulay, P., . . . Sigal, R. J. (2012). Effects of performing resistance exercise before versus after aerobic exercise on glycemia in type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 35(4), 669-675. doi: 10.2337/dc11-1844

Cómo citar
Pinto da Silva, G., Hernández-Mosqueira, C., Pavéz-Adasme, G., & Fernandes da Silva, S. (2017). Análisis del entrenamiento resistido en el perfil glicémico: una revisión bibliográfica. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 18(2), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.29035/rcaf.18.2.9



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