Efectos del entrenamiento vibratorio sobre el riesgo de caída en adultos mayores institucionalizados: una revisión breve

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Jordan Hernández-Martínez Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo

Resumen

Objetivo: analizar los efectos del entrenamiento vibratorio sobre el riesgo de caída, el cual implica mediciones de velocidad de caminata, equilibrio, potencia y fuerza muscular, en adultos mayores institucionalizados, mediante una revisión sistemática. Método: se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica sistemática en PUBMED, una de las bases de datos de disponibilidad electrónica más grandes del mundo. Se seleccionaron estudios clínicos experimentales en Inglés realizados en los últimos 5 años. Resultados: 6 estudios fueron detectados. Entre los principales hallazgos, el entrenamiento vibratorio mejoró la velocidad de caminata, el equilibrio, la densidad ósea, la fuerza y potencia muscular, en combinación con otro ejercicio o de manera individual. Conclusión: el entrenamiento vibratorio en adultos mayores institucionalizados, disminuye el riesgo de caídas en este grupo etario.



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Cómo citar
Hernández-Martínez, J., & Ramírez-Campillo, R. (2017). Efectos del entrenamiento vibratorio sobre el riesgo de caída en adultos mayores institucionalizados: una revisión breve. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 18(2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.29035/rcaf.18.2.10