Repeticiones máximas y tiempo de tensión entre los ordenes multiarticular para monoarticular y monoarticular para multiarticular en ejercicios resistidos

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Jorge Luiz Clemente Pinto Michelle Ambrósio Vicente Pinheiro Lima Igor Leandro da Silva Carvalho Rodolfo de Alkimim Moreira Nunes Rodrigo Gomes de Souza Vale

Resumen

Objetivo: analizar las repeticiones máximas (RM) y el tiempo de tensión (TST) entre los órdenes multiarticular para monoarticular y monoarticular para multiarticular en ejercicios resistidos. Métodos: 15 hombres entrenados (23,53±2,07 años; 74,8±5,1 kg; 173,8±4,6 cm) realizaron la prueba de 10RM en los ejercicios supino horizontal (SH) y rosca tríceps en el pulley (RT). Después de 48 horas realizaron repeticiones máximas para los mismos ejercicios en diferentes órdenes multiarticular-monoarticular y monoarticular-multiarticular. En los dos protocolos propuestos, el número máximo de repeticiones y el tiempo de tensión (TST) se contabilizaron sólo en el último ejercicio realizado. Resultado: La prueba T de Student pareado apuntó reducciones significativas en el número de RM en los dos protocolos analizados cuando comparados a la prueba de 10RM (p <0,005 y p <0,001). Los resultados mostraron no haber diferencias significativas en el TST en ninguna de las condiciones evaluadas. Conclusión: el orden de los ejercicios influenció el número de repeticiones realizadas, aunque no afectó el TST.



##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Sección
Investigación
Citas

ACSM. (2014). Diretrizes do ACSM para os testes de esforço e sua prescrição. (Guanabara, Ed.) (9°). Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara.

Antunes, L., Bezerra, E. de S., Sakugawa, R. L., & Dal Pupo, J. (2018). Effect of cadence on volume and myoelectric activity during agonist-antagonist paired sets (supersets) in the lower body. Sports Biomechanics, 3141, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2017.1413130



Colquhoun, R., Gai, C., Aguilar, D., Bove, D., Dolan, J., Vargas, A., … Campbell, B. (2018). Training volume, not frequency, indicative of maximal strength adaptations to resistance training. J Strength Cond Res, 32(5), 1207–1213.

Evetovich, T. K. (2009). Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc., 41(6),1351.

Gentil, P., Oliveira, E., Júnior, V. D. A. R., Do Carmo, J., & Bottaro, M. (2007). Effects of exercise order on upper-body muscle activation and exercise performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 21(4), 1082-1086.

Gentil, P., Soares, S. R. S., Pereira, M. C., Cunha, R. R. da, Martorelli, S. S., Martorelli, A. S., & Bottaro, M. (2013). Effect of adding single-joint exercises to a multi-joint exercise resistance-training program on strength and hypertrophy in untrained subjects. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 38, 341–344. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2012-0176

Gil, S., Roschel, H., Batista, M., Ugrinowitsch, C., Tricoli, V., & Barroso, R. (2011). Efeito da ordem dos exercícios no número de repetições e na percepção subjetiva de esforço em homens treinados em força. Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte, 25(1), 127–135. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1807-55092011000100012

Grgic, J., Homolak, J., Mikulic, P., Botella, J., & Schoenfeld, B. J. (2018). Inducing hypertrophic effects of type I skeletal muscle fibers: A hypothetical role of time under load in resistance training aimed at muscular hypertrophy. Medical Hypotheses, 112(October 2017), 40–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2018.01.012

Lacerda, L., Martins-Costa, H., Diniz, R., Lima, F., Andrade, A., Tourino, F., … Chagas, M. (2016). Variations in repetition duration and repetition numbers influence muscular acti- vation and blood lactate response in protocols equalized by time under tension. J Strength Cond Res, 30(1), 251–258.

Miranda, H., Figueiredo, T., Rodrigues, B., Paz, G. A., & Simão, R. (2013). Influence of Exercise Order on Repetition Performance Among All Possible Combinations on Resistance Training, Research in Sports Medicine: An Internation. Research in Sports Medicine, 21, 355–366. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2012.738439

Mohamad, N. I., Nosaka, K., & Cronin, J. (2016). Regional Conference on Science, Technology and Social Sciences (RCSTSS 2014), (Rcstss 2014), 475–485. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-1458-1

Paz, G., Robbins, D., Oliveira, C., Bottaro, M., & Miranda, H. (2017). Volume load and neuromuscular fatigue during an acute bout of agonist-antagonist paired-set vs. traditional- set training. J Strength Cond Res, 31(10), 2777–2784.

Prestes, J., Frollini, A. B., de Lima, C., Donatto, F. F., Foschini, D., de Cássia Marqueti, R., ... & Fleck, S. J. (2009). Comparison between linear and daily undulating periodized resistance training to increase strength. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 23(9), 2437-2442.

Minelli Rodrigues, B., Dias Sandy, D., Mazini Filho, M. L., de Souza Júnior, J. J., Rezende de Oliveira Venturini, G., & Martin Dantas, E. H. (2010). Sessão de treinamento resistido para membro superior com dois diferentes tempos de intervalo: efeitos na percepção subjetiva de esforço. Brazilian Journal of Biomotricity, 4(2).

Schoenfeld, B. J., Ogborn, D. I., & Krieger, J. W. (2015). Effect of Repetition Duration During Resistance Training on Muscle Hypertrophy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, 45(4), 577–585. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0304-0

Schoenfeld, B. J., Ogborn, D., & Krieger, J. W. (2017). Dose-response relationship between weekly resistance training volume and increases in muscle mass: A systematic review and meta- analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(11), 1073–1082. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1210197

Scudese, E., Willardson, J. M., Simão, R., Senna, G., de Salles, B. F., & Miranda, H. (2015). The effect of rest interval length on repetition consistency and perceived exertion during near maximal loaded bench press sets. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(11), 3079-3083.

Senna, G. W., Figueiredo, T., Scudese, E., Baffi, M., Carneiro, F., Moraes, E., ... & Simão, R. (2012). Influence of Different Rest Interval Lengths in Multi-Joint and Single-Joint Exercises on Repetition Performance, Perceived Exertion, and Blood Lactate. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 15(5).

Silva, J. B. da, Lima, V. P., Novaes, J. da S., de Castro, J. B. P., Nunes, R. de A. M., & Vale, R. G. de S. (2017). Time under tension, muscular activation, and blood lactate responses to perform 8, 10, and 12RM in the bench press exercise. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 20(6), 41–54.

Silva, J. B. da, Lima, V. P., Paz, G. A., de Oliveira, C. R., D’urso, F., Moreira Nunes, R. de A., … de Souza Vale, R. G. (2016). Determination and comparison of time under tension required to perform 8, 10 and 12-RM loads in the bench press exercise. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 8(1), 153–158. https://doi.org/10.1515/bhk-2016-0022

Simão, R., De Salles, B. F., Figueiredo, T., Dias, I., & Willardson, J. M. (2012). Exercise order in resistance training. Sports Medicine, 42(3), 251–265. https://doi.org/10.2165/11597240- 000000000-00000

Simão, R., Farinatti, P. D. T. V., Polito, M. D., Maior, A. S., & Fleck, S. J. (2005). Influence of exercise order on the number of repetitions performed and perceived exertion during resistance exercises. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 19(1), 152-156.

Simão, R., Spineti, J., de Salles, B. F., Oliveira, L. F., Matta, T., Miranda, F., … Costa, P. B. (2010). Influence of exercise order on maximum strength and muscle thickness in untrained men. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 9(1), 1–7.

Spineti, J., Salles, B. F. de, Rhea, M., Lavigne, D., Matta, T., Miranda, F., … R, S. (2010). Influence of exercise order on maximum strength and muscle volume in nonlinear periodized resistance training. J Strength Cond Res, 24(11), 2962–2969.

Spreuwenberg, L. P., Kraemer, W. J., Spiering, B. A., & Volek, J. S. (2006). Influence of exercise order in a resistance-training exercise session. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(1), 141.

Sugiura, Y., Hatanaka, Y., Arai, T., Sakurai, H., & Kanada, Y. (2016). Estimations of one repetition maximum and isometric peak torque in knee extension based on the relationship between force and velocity. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 30(4), 980-988.


Cómo citar
Pinto, J. L., Ambrósio, M., Lima, V., Carvalho, I., Nunes, R., & Vale, R. (2018). Repeticiones máximas y tiempo de tensión entre los ordenes multiarticular para monoarticular y monoarticular para multiarticular en ejercicios resistidos. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 19(2), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.29035/rcaf.19.2.6



Otros artículos que podrían ser de su interés