Obesidad en relación con el equilibrio dinámico de mujeres adultas mayores

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Jordan German Eduardo Hernández Martínez

Resumen

Objetivo: observar si la obesidad puede producir alteraciones en el equilibrio dinámico de mujeres adultas mayores. Método: se reclutaron treinta y cuatro mujeres adultas mayores con distinto estado nutricional (normo peso, sobrepeso y obesidad) en las cuales se midio en equilibrio dinámico mediante la prueba Timed up and Go. Resultados: se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre las mujeres adultas mayores normo peso en comparación a las con obesidad mostrado un mayor tiempo en la ejecución de la prueba de equilibrio dinámico. De igual manera, se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre las mujeres con sobrepeso y las normo peso, al igual que las mujeres con sobrepeso y obesidad. Conclusión: una acumulación excesiva de grasa corporal puede conducir a un mayor deterioro en el equilibrio dinámico de mujeres adultas mayores.



##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Sección
Investigación
Citas

Cawthon, P., Fox, K., Gandra, S., Delmonico, M., Chiou, C., Anthony, M., Caserotti, P., et al. (2011). Clustering of strength, physical function, muscle, and adiposity characteristics and risk of disability in older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 59(5), 781-7. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21568948

Chen, H., & Guo, X. (2008). Obesity and Functional Disability among Elder Americans. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 56(4), 689–694. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm. nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2391089/



Clark, N., Röijezon, U., & Treleaven, J. (2015). Proprioception in musculoskeletal rehabilitation. Part 2. Clinical assessment and intervention. Manual Therapy, 20(3), 378-387. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25787919

da Silva Borges, E., de Souza Vale, R., Cader, S., Leal, S., Miguel, F., Pernambuco, C., & Dantas, E. (2014). Postural balance and falls in elderly nursing home residents enrolled in a ballroom dancing program. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 59(2), 312–316. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24845606

Desai, A., Goodman, V., Kapadia, N., Shay, B., & Szturm, T. (2010). Relationship between dynamic balance measures and functional performance in community-dwelling elderly people. Physical Therapy, 90(5),748–760. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/20223944

Gallagher, D., Heymsfield, S., Heo, M., Jebb, S., Murgatroyd, P., & Sakamoto, Y. (2000). Healthy percentage body fat ranges: an approach for developing guidelines based on body mass index. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72(3), 694-701. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10966886

Ghulyan, V., Paolino, M., Lopez, C., Dumitrescu, M., & Lacour, M. (2005). A new translational platform for evaluating aging or pathology-related postural disorders. Acta Oto-Laryngol, 125: 607-617. Recuperado de https://doi.org/10.1080/00016480510026908

Greve, J., Bordini, A., & Camanho, G. (2007). Correlation between body mass index and postural balance. Clinics, 62(6), 717–20. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18209913

Hue, O., Simoneau, M., Marcotte, J., Berrigan, F., Doré, J., Marceau, P., et al. (2007). Body weight is strong predictor of postural stability. Gait Posture, 26(1), 32–8. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16931018

Karimi, M., & Solomonidis, S. (2011). The relationship between parameters of static and dynamic stability tests. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 16(4), 530–535. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3214359/

Lord, S., Ward, J., Williams , P., & Anstey, K. (1994). Physiological factors associated with falls in older community-dwelling women. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 42(10), 1110–1117. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7930338

Mantello, E., Hyppolito, M., Ferriolli, E., da Costa Lima, N., & Moriguti, J. (2014). Evaluation of the balance of obese and non-obese elderly women by computed dynamic posturography. The Journal of Aging Research & Clinical Practice, 3(4), 206-210.

Marfell, M., Olds, T., Stewart, A., & Carte, L. (2006). International standards for anthropometric assessment. South Africa. Editorial: Potchefstroom. Internaional Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry. Recuperado de http://www.worldcat.org/title/international-standards-for-anthropometric assessment/oclc/156766813?referer=di&ht=edition

Menegoni, F., Galli, M., Tacchini, E., Vismara, L., Cavigioli, M., & Capodaglio, P. (2009). Gender- specific effect of obesity on balance. Obesity, 17(10), 1951–6. Recuperado de https://www. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19325540

Mitchell, R., Lord, S., Harvey, L., & Close, J. (2014). Associations between obesity and overweight and fall risk, health status and quality of life in older people. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 38(1), 13-8. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24494939

PAR-Q. The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire: PAR-Q & YOU (2002). (accessed www. csep.ca/forms). Disponible en http://uwfitness.uwaterloo.ca/PDF/par-q.pdf

Posadillo, D., & Richardson, S. (1991). The timed "Up & Go": a test of basic functional mobility for frail elderly persons. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 39, 142-148. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1991946

Stenholm, S., Harris, T., Rantanen, T., Visser, M., Kritchevsky, S., & Ferrucci, L. (2008). Sarcopenic obesity - definition, etiology and consequences. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 11(6), 693–700. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2633408/

Teasdale, N., Hue, O., Marcotte, J., Berrigan, F., Simoneau, M., et al. (2007). Reducing weight increases postural stability in obese and morbid obese men. International Journal of Obesity, 31, 153–160. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16682978

Tinetti, M. (2003). Clinical practice. Preventing falls in elderly persons. The New England Journal of Medicine, 348(1), 42-49. Recuperado de https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NE-JMcp020719

Vincent , H., Vincent , K., & Lamb , K. (2010). Obesity and mobility disability in the older adult. Obesity Reviews, 11(8), 568-79. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20059707

Wang, L., Crawford, J., Reppermund, S., Trollor, J., Campbell, L., Baune, B., et al. (2018). Body mass index and waist circumference predict health-related quality of life, but not satisfaction with life, in the elderly. Quality of Life Research, 10.1007. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29881897

Zamboni, M., Mazzali, G., Fantin , F., Rossi , A., & Di Francesco , V. (2008). Sarcopenic obesity: a new category of obesity in the elderly. Nutrition Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases, 18(5), 388-95. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18395429


Cómo citar
Hernández Martínez, J. (2018). Obesidad en relación con el equilibrio dinámico de mujeres adultas mayores. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 19(2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.29035/rcaf.19.2.5