Uso del mindfulness sobre indicadores de estrés en deportistas durante la etapa competitiva: Revisión sistemática

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Joaquín Holguín-Ramírez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8785-7458
Gabriel Gastélum-Cuadras http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8931-1125
Mónica Cervantes-Borunda http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2310-338X
Yesika Reyes-Acosta https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0380-6072
Arnulfo Ramos-Jiménez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4347-6725
Rosa Patricia Hernández-Torres https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1772-5836

Resumen

El mindfulness es una práctica meditativa que ha probado disminuir el estrés psicofisiológico. Propósito: analizar, si el mindfulness es efectivo para disminuir el estrés psicofisiológico, en deportistas de alto rendimiento en temporada competitiva. Se realizó una búsqueda de estudios clínicos que incluyeran diferentes técnicas meditativas para la reducción del estrés en deportistas durante la fase competitiva. En PubMed, Scopus y Web of Science (1985 al 10 de agosto del 2019), se buscaron las combinaciones de palabras mindfulness, meditation, yoga, sport, athlete, intervention, stress, cortisol. Se localizaron sólo siete trabajos, tres de ellos con información cuantitativa, un cuantitativo y tres de metodología mixta. En los siete estudios encontrados (153 sujetos; 134 hombres y 19 mujeres) sus autores mencionan que el mindfulness fue efectivo para la reducción del estrés en los atletas durante la etapa competitiva.



##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Sección
Revisión Teórica
Citas

Birrer, D., & Morgan, G. (2010). Psychological skills training as a way to enhance an athlete’s performance in high- intensity sports. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 20, 78–87. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01188.x

Brand, S., Holsboer-Trachsler, E., Naranjo, J. R., & Schmidt, S. (2012). Influence of mindfulness practice on cortisol and sleep in long-term and short-term meditators. Neuropsychobiology 65(3), 109–118. DOI: 10.1159/000330362



Boe, O., & Hagen, K. (2015). Using Mindfulness to Reduce the Perception of Stress During an Acute Stressful Situation. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197(1877), 858–868. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.07.262

Bühlmayer, L., Birrer, D., Röthlin, P., Faude, O., & Donath, L. (2017). Effects of Mindfulness Practice on Performance-Relevant Parameters and Performance Outcomes in Sports: A Meta-Analytical Review. Sports Medicine, 47(11), 2309–2321. DOI: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40279-017-0752-9

Carlson, L. E., Speca, M., Patel, K. D., & Goodey, E. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29(4), 448–474. DOI: 10.1016/s0306-4530(03)00054-4

Demarzo, M. M. P., Ferreira, D., Silva, A., Lessa-Moreno, I., Abreu, L. C. De, Barceló-Soler, A., & García-Campayo, J. (2015). Mindfulness applied to high performance athletes: a case report. Actas Espanholas de Psiquiatria, 43(1), 1-90. Recuperado de https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b7a8/15c7a6e90df7775cbbf39ad0ebf6d05a4d57.pdf

García-Magariño, I., & Plaza, I. (2017). ABS-MindHeart : An agent based simulator of the influence of mindfulness programs on heart rate variability. Journal of Computational Science, 19, 11–20. Recuperado de https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1877750316305348?via%3Dihub

Groenewald, T. (2004). A phenomenological research design illustrated. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 3(1), 42-55. Recuperado de https://doi.org/10.1177/160940690400300104

Grossman, P., & Van Dam, N. T. (2011). Mindfulness, by any other name…: trials and tribulations of sati in western psychology and science. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1), 219–239. DOI: 10.1080/14639947.2011.564841

Guilhem, G., Hanon, C., Gendreau, N., Bonneau, D., Guével, A., & Chennaoui, M. (2015). Salivary hormones response to preparation and pre-competitive training of world-class level athletes. Frontiers in Physiology, 6, 333. Recuperado de https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2015.00333

Gustafsson, H., Skoog, T., Davis, P., Kenttä, G., & Haberl, P. (2015). Mindfulness and its Relationship with Perceived Stress, Affect and Burnout in Elite Junior Athletes. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 9(3), 263–281. Recuperado de https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:846225/FULLTEXT01.pdf

Heredia, L., Gasol, L., Ventura, D., Vicens, P., & Torrente, M. (2017). Mindfulness-based stress reduction training program increases psychological well-being, and emotional regulation, but not attentional performance. A pilot study. Mindfulness & Compassion, 2(2), 130–137. DOI: 10.1016/j.mincom.2017.07.001

Hoja, S., & Jansen, P. (2019). Mindfulness-based intervention for tennis players: A quasi-experimental pilot study. BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, 5(1), 1–4. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2019-000584

Janelle, C. M. (1999). Ironic mental processes in sport: implications for sport psychologists. The Sport Psychologist, 13(2), 201–220. Recuperado de https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1999-05606-006

John, S., Verma, S., & Khanna, G. (2011). The Effect of Mindfulness Meditation on HPA-Axis in Pre-Competition Stress in Sports Performance of Elite Shooters. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 2(3), 15–21. Recuperado de http://nicpd.ac.in/ojs-/index.php/njirm/article/view/1915

Jouper, J., & Gustafsson, H. (2013). Mindful recovery: A case study of a burned-out elite shooter. The Sport Psychologist, 27(1), 92–102. DOI: 10.1123/tsp.27.1.92

Luarte Rocha, C., Seguel López, M. E., & Castelli Correia de Campos, L. F. (2018). Características psicológicas relacionadas con el rendimiento deportivo de runners adultos pertenecientes a clubes de Concepción. Revista Ciencias de la Actividad Física, 19(2), 1–9. Recuperado de https://doi.org/10.29035/rcaf.19.2.7

Krygier, J. R., Heathers, J. A. J., Shahrestani, S., Abbott, M., Gross, J. J., & Kemp, A. H. (2013). Mindfulness meditation, well-being, and heart rate variability: A preliminary investigation into the impact of intensive vipassana meditation. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 89(3), 305–313. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.06.017

MacDonald, L. A., & Minahan, C. L. (2018). Mindfulness training attenuates the increase in salivary cortisol concentration associated with competition in highly trained wheelchair-basketball players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(4), 378–383. DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2017.1308001

MacDonald, L. A., Oprescu, F., & Kean, B. M. (2017). An evaluation of the effects of mind-fulness training from the perspectives of wheelchair basketball players. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 37, 188-195. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.11.013

Manigault, A. W., Woody, A., Zoccola, P. M., & Dickerson, S. S. (2018). Trait mindfulness predicts the presence but not the magnitude of cortisol responses to acute stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 90(January), 29–34. DOI: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.01.022

Meda, R., Herrero, M., Moreno-Jiménez, B., Blanco-Donoso, L., & Palomera, A. (2015). Psychometric properties of the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ-M) in Mexico. Behavioral Psychology/ Psicologia Conductual, 23(August), 467–487. Recuperado de https://www.researchgate.net/publication/287388571_Propiedades_psicometricas_del_cuestionario_de
_cinco_facetas_de_la_conciencia_plena_five_facet_mindfulness_questionnaire_FFMQ-M_en_Mexico


Mehrsafar, A. H., Strahler, J., Gazerani, P., Khabiri, M., Sánchez, J. C. J., Moosakhani, A., & Zadeh, A. M. (2019). The effects of mindfulness training on competition-induced anxiety and salivary stress markers in elite Wushu athletes: A pilot study. Physiology & Behavior, 210, 112655. DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.112655

Michailidis, Y. (2014). Stress hormonal analysis in elite soccer players during a season. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 3(4), 279–283. Recuperado de https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2014.03.016

Mira, J. J., Pérez-Jover, V., Lorenzo, S., Aranaz, J., & Vitaller, J. (2004). La investigación cualitativa: una alternativa también válida. Atención Primaria, 34(4), 161–166. Recuperado de https://doi.org/10.1016/S0212-6567(04)78902-7

Moreira, A., Franchihi, E., Gobo de Freitas, C., Schultz de Arruda, A., Ribeiro De Morua, N., Calda Costa, E., & Saldanha Aoki, M. (2012). Salivari Cortisol and immunoglobulin a responses to stimulated and official Jiu-Jitsu Matches. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(8), 2185–2191. Recuperado de https://www.academia.edu/14155540/Salivary_cortisol_and_immunoglobulin_a_responses_to_simulated_and_
official_Jiu_Jitsu_matches


O’Leary, K., O’Neill, S., & Dockray, S. (2016). A systematic review of the effects of mindfulness interventions on cortisol. Journal of Health Psychology, 21(9), 2108–2121. DOI: 10.1177/1359105315569095

Palmi, J., Planas, A., & Sole, S. (2018). Intervención mindfulness de rehabilitación de un deportista lesinado: Caso en fútbol profesional. Revista de Psicología Del Deporte, 27(1), 115–122. Recuperado de https://www.rpd-online.com/article/view/v27-n1-palmi-planas-sole

Reynoso-Sánchez, L.F., Hoyos Flores, J. C., García-Davila, M., Rosas Taraco, A. G., Jaenes Sánchez, J. C., López-Walle, J. M., & Hernández-Cruz, G. (2017). Cortisol y estrés-recuperación durante un periodo competitivo en jugadores de balonmano. Revista de Psicología Del Deporte, 26, 125–131. Recuperado de https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=6140420

Roeser, R. W., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., Jha, A., Cullen, M., Wallace, L., Wilensky, R., … & Harrison, J. (2013). Mindfulness training and reductions in teacher stress and burnout: Results from two randomized, waitlist-control field trials. Journal of Educational Psychology, 105(3), 787-804. Recuperado de https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032093

Rosenzweig, S., Reibel, D. K., Greeson, J. M., & Edman, J. S. (2007). Mindfulness-based stress reduction is associated with improved glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A pilot study. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 13(5), 36–38. Recuperado de https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17900040/

Saldaña, J. (2015). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Los Ángeles: Sage.

Smith, J. A. (2004). Reflecting on the development of interpretative phenomenological analysis and its contribution to qualitative research in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 1(1), 39-54. Recuperado de https://www.researchgate.net/publication/239798557_Reflecting_on_the_Development_of_
Interpretative_Phenomenological_Analysis_and_Its_Contribution_to_Qualitative_Research_in_Psychology


Stahl, B., & Goldstein, E. (2010). A Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Workbook. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.

Viru, A., & Viru, M. (2004). Cortisol - Essential adaptation hormone in exercise. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 25(6), 461–464. DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-821068

Vidic, Z., Martin, M. St., & Oxhandler, R. (2016). Mindfulness intervention with a U.S. Women’s NCAA division I basketball team: Impact on stress, athletic coping skills and perceptions of intervention. The Sport Psychologist, 32(2), 147-159.
DOI: 10.1123/tsp.2016-0077

Walsh, E., Eisenlohr-Moul, T., & Baer, R. (2016). Brief mindfulness training reduces salivary IL-6 and TNF-α in young women with depressive symptomatology. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84(10), 887–897. DOI: 10.1037/ccp0000122

Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D. (2015). Foundations of sport and exercise psychology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Yin, R. K. (2013). Case study research: Design and methods. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Zhang, C., Si, G., & Chung, P. (2016). Mindfulness and Burnout in Elite Junior Athletes: The Mediating Role of Experiential Avoidance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 28(4). Recuperado de https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200.2016.1162223

Cómo citar
Holguín-Ramírez, J., Gastélum-Cuadras, G., Cervantes-Borunda, M., Reyes-Acosta, Y., Ramos-Jiménez, A., & Hernández-Torres, R. (2020). Uso del mindfulness sobre indicadores de estrés en deportistas durante la etapa competitiva:. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 21(2), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.29035/rcaf.21.2.2