Papel de los ejercicios resistidos en la prevención de las enfermedades cardiovasculares en mujeres postmenopáusicas: revisión de literatura


Roberto Carlos Rebolledo-Cobos Bruno Costa Teixeira Cleiton S. Correa


El objetivo de la revisión fue explicar los efectos fisiológicos derivados de los ejercicios resistidos que influyen en la prevención de las enfermedades cardiovasculares en mujeres postmenopáusicas, con base a la bibliografía con mayor relevancia científica. Los hallazgos permiten compendiar: En las postmenopáusicas las enfermedades cardiovasculares son la principal causa de muerte. Esta población es vulnerable al desarrollo de las enfermedades cardiovasculares, poseen protección endógena hormonal anti-aterogénica. Los riesgos cardiovasculares en postmenopáusicas se asocian directamente con alteraciones metabólicas, bajos niveles de actividad física y sobrepeso. Los ejercicios resistidos en postmenopáusicas pueden ser una estrategia que atenúa el riesgo asociado a la lipemia. En conclusión, los ejercicios resistidos se consideran reductores del riesgo cardiovascular en postmenopáusicas debido a su efecto de oxidación de lípidos, derivado del gasto energético total, incluyendo el consumo excesivo de oxígeno pos-ejercicio más prolongado que los ejercicios aeróbicos, atenuando los niveles lidipémicos por más tiempo.


Revisión Teórica

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Cómo citar
Rebolledo-Cobos, R., Costa Teixeira, B., & Correa, C. (2015). Papel de los ejercicios resistidos en la prevención de las enfermedades cardiovasculares en mujeres postmenopáusicas: revisión de literatura. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 16(1), 89-102. Recuperado a partir de