Efectos del entrenamiento con ejercicios de vibración de cuerpo entero en los niveles de fuerza de miembros inferiores de adultos mayores

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Carlos Soares Pernambuco https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2915-6669
Nuno Miguel Prazeres Batalha https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8533-7144
Armando Manuel de Mendonça Raimundo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9753-8381

Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar los efectos del ejercicio de vibración de todo el cuerpo sobre los niveles de fuerza en los miembros inferiores de adultos mayores. La muestra estuvo formada por 15 hombres físicamente activos (edad: 62,5 ± 2,62 años). Se realizaron ocho semanas de entrenamiento con plataforma vibratoria, con sesiones de 20 minutos de vibración utilizando frecuencias crecientes de 15 a 30 Hz, con exposición de 30 segundos de vibración y 30 segundos de descanso. Cada dos minutos había un aumento de frecuencia de 1 Hz. Se indicó a los individuos que permanecieran de pie con los pies separados a la altura de los hombros, las rodillas flexionadas a 130º y los brazos extendidos sujetando firmemente los apoyamanos de la máquina. El procedimiento se realizó dos veces por semana con un intervalo de un día. La fuerza se evaluó mediante un dinamómetro dorsal en los ejercicios de extensión de rodilla y extensión de columna lumbar. Las pruebas de fuerza se realizaron en la cuarta y octava semana después de la última sesión de entrenamiento. Resultados: Al final de las ocho semanas, fue posible observar ganancias significativas en la fuerza en los músculos involucrados en el ejercicio de extensión de rodilla (p = 0,01) y en la extensión de columna lumbar (p = 0.031). Conclusión: se pudo observar que el entrenamiento con vibraciones de todo el cuerpo promovió una mejora en los niveles de fuerza en los miembros inferiores de los adultos mayores participantes del estudio.



##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Sección
Investigación
Citas

Baker, M. K., Peddle-McIntyre, C. J., Galvão, D. A., Hunt, C., Spry, N., & Newton, R. U. (2018). Whole Body Vibration Exposure on Markers of Bone Turnover, Body Composition, and Physical Functioning in Breast Cancer Patients Receiving Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 17(3), 968-978. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534735418781489


Bazett-Jones, D. M., Finch, H. W., & Dugan, E. L. (2008). Comparing the effects of various whole-body vibration accelerations on counter-movement jump performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 7(1), 144-150. https://www.jssm.org/volume07/iss1/cap/jssm-07-144.pdf







Bressel, E., Smith, G., & Branscomb, J. (2010). Transmission of whole body vibration in children while standing. Clinical Biomechanics, 25(2), 181-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2009.10.016


Cardinale, M., & Lim, J. (2003). Electromyography activity of vastus lateralis muscle during whole-body vibrations of different frequencies. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 17(3), 621-624. http://bodycoach.hu/publikaciok/publikacio17.pdf


Cardinale, M., & Wakeling, J. (2005). Whole body vibration exercise: are vibrations good for you? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(9), 585-589. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2005.016857


Colson, S., Petit, P.D., Hebreard, L., Tessaro, J., & Pensini, M. (2009). Whole body vibration does not enhance muscle activation. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 30(12), 841-844. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1234082


Cormie, P., Deane, R. S., Triplett, N. T., & McBride, J. M. (2006). Acute effects of whole-body vibration on muscle activity, strength, and power. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(2), 257-261. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16686550/


Da Costa, L. F. G. R., De Queiroz, B. C. M., Laurindo, P. I. V., Souza, L. M. V., Santos, L. S., Souza, G. P., Silva, D., Dantas, E. H. M., & Dos Santos, J. L. (2020). Autonomia funcional e qualidade de vida de idosos participantes de grupo de convivência social. Research, Society and Development, 9(8), e983986808. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i8.6808


Dionello, C.F., de Souza, P.L., Sá-Caputo, D., Morel, D.S., Moreira-Marconi, E., Paineiras-Domingos, L.L., Frederico, E.H.F.F., Guedes-Aguiar, E., Paiva, P.C., Taiar, R., Chiementin, X., Marín, P.J., & Bernardo-Filho, M. (2017). Do whole body vibration exercises affect lower limbs neuromuscular activity in populations with a medical condition? A systematic review. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 35(6), 667-681. https://doi.org/10.3233/RNN-170765


Fagnani, F., Giombini, A., Di Cesare, A., Pigozzi, F., & Di Salvo, V. (2006). The effects of a whole-body vibration program on muscle performance and flexibility in female athletes. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 85(12), 956-962. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.phm.0000247652.94486.92


Games, K., Sefton, J., & Wilson, A. (2015). Whole-body vibration and blood flow and muscle oxygenation: a meta-analysis. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(5), 542-549. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-50.2.09


Issurin, V. (2005). Vibrations and their applications in sport. A review. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 45(3), 324-336. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16230984/


Jiménez-Pavón, D., Carbonell-Baeza, A., & Lavie, C. J. (2020). Physical exercise as therapy to fight against the mental and physical consequences of COVID-19 quarantine: Special focus in older people. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 63(3), 386-388. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2020.03.009


Johnson, B. L., & Nelson, J. K. (1979). Practical measurements for evaluation in Physical Education. Burgess Publishing Company.


Lai, C. C., Tu, Y. K., Wang, T. G., Huang, Y. T., & Chien, K. L. (2018). Effects of resistance training, endurance training and whole-body vibration on lean body mass, muscle strength and physical performance in older people: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Age and Ageing, 47(3), 367-373. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afy009


Lienhard, K., Vienneau, J., Friesenbichler, B., Nigg, S., Meste, O., Nigg, B., & Colson, S. (2015). The effect of whole-body vibration on muscle activity in active and inactive subjects. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 36(7), 585-591. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1398650


Marinho, P.E.M., Rocha, L.G., Araújo Filho, J.C., Araújo, A.X.P., Andrade, M.D.A., Taiar, R., Paiva, D.N., & Dornelas de Andrade, A. (2021). Effects of whole-body vibration on muscle strength, quadriceps muscle thickness and functional capacity in kidney transplant recipients: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 26, 101-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2020.10.005


Rittweger, J. (2010). Vibration as an exercise modality: how it may work, and what its potential might be. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 108(5), 877-904. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1303-3


Roll, J., Vedel, J., & Ribot, E. (1989). Alteration of proprioceptive messages induced by tendon vibration in man: a microneurographic study. Experimental Brain Research, 76(1), 213-222. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00253639


Ruiter, C., Van Raak, S., Schilperoort, J., Hollander, A., & Haan, A. (2003). The effects of 11 weeks of whole body vibration training on jump height contractile properties and activation of human knee extensor. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 90, 595-600. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-003-0931-2


Sá-Caputo, D.C., Coelho-Oliveira, A.C., Pessanha-Freitas, J., Paineiras-Domingos, L.L., Lacerda, A.C.R., Mendonça, V.A., Sonza, A., Taiar, R., Sartorio, A., Seixas, A., & Bernardo-Filho, M. (2021). Whole-Body Vibration Exercise: A Possible Intervention in the Management of Post COVID-19 Complications? Applied Sciences, 11(12), 5733. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11125733


Santos-Filho, S. D., Cameron, M. H., & Bernardo-Filho, M. (2012). Benefits of whole-body vibration with an oscillating platform for people with multiple sclerosis: a systematic review. Multiple sclerosis international, 2012, 274728. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/274728


Simpson, R.J., Campbell, J.P., Gleeson, M., Krüger, K., Nieman, D.C., Pyne, D.B., Turner J.E., & Walsh, N.P. (2020). Can exercise affect immune function to increase susceptibility to infection? Exercise Immunology Review, 26, 8-22. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32139352/


Sousa-Gonçalves, C. R., Tringali, G., Tamini, S., De Micheli, R., Soranna, D., Taiar, R., Sá-Caputo, D., Moreira-Marconi, E., Paineiras-Domingos, L., Bernardo-Filho, M., & Sartorio, A. (2019). Acute Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Alone or in Combination With Maximal Voluntary Contractions on Cardiorespiratory, Musculoskeletal, and Neuromotor Fitness in Obese Male Adolescents. Dose-response: a publication of International Hormesis Society, 17(4), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1177/1559325819890492


Torvinen, S., Kannu, P., Sievänen, H., Järvinen, T.A., Pasanen, M., Kontulainen, S., Järvinen, T.L., Järvinen, M., Oja, P., & Vuori I. (2002). Effect of a vibration exposure on muscular performance and body balance. Randomized cross‐over study. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 22(2), 145-152. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2281.2002.00410.x


Trabelsi, K., Ammar, A., Masmoudi, L., Boukhris, O., Chtourou1, H., Bouaziz, B., Brach, M., Bentlage, E., How, D., Ahmed, M., Mueller, P., Mueller, N., Hsouna, H., Romdhani, M., Hammouda, O., Paineiras-Domingos, L.L., Braakman-Jansen, A., Christian Wrede, C., Bastoni, S., ... & Hoekelmann, A. (2021). Globally altered sleep patterns and physical activity levels by confinement in 5056 individuals: ECLB COVID-19 international online survey. Biology of Sport, 38(4), 495-506. https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2021.101605


Velavan, T. P., & Meyer, C. G. (2020). The COVID‐19 epidemic. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 25(3), 278-280. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13383


Yamada, M., Kimura, Y., Ishiyama, D., Otobe, Y., Suzuki, M., Koyama, S., Kikuchi, T., Kusumi, H., & Arai, H. (2020). Effect of the COVID-19 epidemic on physical activity in community-dwelling older adults in Japan: A cross-sectional online survey. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 24(9), 948-950. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-020-1501-6





Cómo citar
Pernambuco, C., Batalha, N., & de Mendonça Raimundo, A. (2022). Efectos del entrenamiento con ejercicios de vibración de cuerpo entero en los niveles de fuerza de miembros inferiores de adultos mayores. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 23(Especial), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.29035/rcaf.23.Especial_IHMN.6