El ritmo y la música como herramienta de trabajo para la actividad física con el adulto mayor

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Marcelo Castillo Retamal Mario Léon Salgado Jessica Mondaca Urrutia Sebastián Bascuñán Retamal Karen Beltrán Bejarano

Resumen

Los beneficios de la Actividad Física son ampliamente reconocidos por la población en cualquier etapa de la vida, y que, especialmente en la adultez mayor, supone una estrategia preventiva y terapéutica con-tra el envejecimiento. Dentro del concepto de atención intregral, permanente y efectiva se encuentran intervenciones con actividad física para el adulto mayor, las cuales frecuentemente utilizan la música y actividades rítmicas como estrategia principal. Las intervenciones mixtas, que desarrollen las capacida-des de fuerza y resistencia cardiovascular parecen las más efectivas, y se considera que estas estrategias acompañadas de acciones rítmicas generan mayores beneficios en la salud física y mental de los adultos mayores. Esta revisión plantea la inquietud respecto de la efectividad de las actividades rítmicas en este grupo etario y en la definición de las intensidades de trabajo que reporten beneficios para la salud de los adultos mayores, evitando al máximo efectos colaterales nocivos, de manera alternativa a otros tipos de intervención con los adultos mayores.



##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Sección
Revisión Teórica
Citas

Bacon, C.J., Myers, T.R., Karageorghis, C.I. (2012). Effect of music-movement synchrony on exercise oxygen consumption. The journal of sporst medicine and physical fitness. 52(4):359-65.


Barbosa, TM, Sousa, VF, Silva, AJ, Reis, VM, Marinho, DA, and Bragada, JA. (2010). Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24(1), 244- 250.



Bood R., Nijssen M., Kamp J. ,Roerdink M.(2013) The Power of Auditory-Motor Synchronization in Sports: Enhancing Running Performance by Coupling Cadence with the Right Beats. PLoS ON, 8(8) E70758.


Cervellin G., Lippi G.(2011) From music-beat to heart-beat: A journey in the complex interactions between music, brain and heart. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 22. 371- 374.


Chiat, L. & Ying, L. (2012). Importance of music learning and musicality in rhythmic gymnastics. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Science, 46. 3202 – 3208.


Chih-Hsuan, C., Chueh-Lung, H., & Ying-Tai, W. (2012). Effect of Exercise on Physical Function, Daily Living Activities, and Quality of Life in the Frail Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93, 237-244.


Correa-Bautista, J.E., Sandoval-Cuellar, C., Alfonso-Mora, M. L., & Rodríguez-Daza, K. D. (2012). Cambios en la aptitud física en un grupo de mujeres adultas mayores bajo el modelo de Envejecimiento Activo. Revista Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 60, 21-30.


Corrick, K.L., Hunter, G.R., Fisher, G., & Glasser, S.P. (2013). Changes in vascular hemodynamics in older women following 16 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance training. J Clin Hypertens (Gre-enwich), 15(4), 241-246. doi:10.1111/ jch.12050


Dreua, M.J. , Wilka, A., Poppea, E., Kwakkelb, G., Wegen, G. (2012). Rehabilitation, exercise therapy and music in patients with Parkinson’s disease: a meta-analysis of the effects of music-based movement therapy on walking ability, balance and quality of life. Parkinsonism and Related Disorder. 18S1, S114–S119.


Gerage, A. M., Januário, R. S. B., Nascimento, M. A. d., Pina, F. L. C., & Cyrino, E. S. (2013). Impact of 12 weeks of resistance training on physical and functional fitness in elderly women. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano, 15, 145-154.


Jiménez, M.C., Párraga, J.A., y Lozano, E. (2013). Incidencia de un programa de actividad física sobre las capacidades físicas de mujeres más de 60 años / Impact of a training program in women 60 years-old and older. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte vol. 13 (50) pp. 217-233.


Joshua, A. M., D'Souza, V., Unnikrishnan, B., Mithra, P., Kamath, A., Acharya, V., & Venugopal, A. (2014). Effectiveness of progressive resistance strength training versus traditional balance exercise in improving balance among the elderly - a randomised controlled trial. J Clin Diagn Res, 8(3), 98-102. doi:10.7860/ jcdr/2014/8217.4119


Karageorghis, C.I., Jones, L. (2014). On the stability and relevance of the exercise heart ratemusic-tempo preference relationship. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 15, 299- 310.


Karageorghis, C.I., Jones, L., Priest, D., Akers, R., Clarke, A., Perry, J., Reddick, B., Bishop, D., Lim, H. (2011). Revisiting the relationship between exercise heart rate and music tempo preference. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Spor, 82 (2), 274- 284.


Karageorghis, C.I., Priest, D.I. (2011). Music in the exercise domain: a review and synthesis (Part I). International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 5 (1), 44 66.


Karageorghis, C.I., Priest D.I., Williams L.S., Hirani, R.M., Lannon, KM., Bates, B.J. (2010). Ergogenic and psychological effects of synchronous music during circuit-type exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11. 551- 559.


Karageorghis, C., Terry, P., & Lane, A. (1999). Development and initial validation of an instrument to assess the motivational qualities of music in exercise and sport: The Brunel Music Rating Inventory. Journal of sports sciences, 17, 713- 724.


Kimura, K., Hozumi., N. (2012). Investigating the acute effect of an aerobic dance exercise program on neuro-cognitive function in the elderly. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 623- 629.


Lee, H.C., Chang, K.C., Tsauo, J.Y., Hung, J.W., Huang, Y.-C., & Lin, S.I. (2013). Effects of a Multifactorial Fall Prevention Program on Fall Incidence and Physical Function in Community-Dwelling Older Adults With Risk of Falls. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 94(4), 606-615.e601. doi:http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.apmr.2012.11.037


Leman, M., Moelants D., Varewyck M., Styns F., Noorden L., & Martens J. (2013). Activating and Relaxing Music Entrains the Speed of Beat Synchronized Walking. PLoS ONE, 8(7): e67932.


Lopes, J., Lima, A. , Bertuzzi, B., Silva-Cavalcante, M. (2015). Influence of music on performance and psychophysiological responses during moderate-intensity exercise preceded by fatigue. Physiology & Behavior, 139.274–280.


Leow, L., Rinchon, C., Grahn, J. (2015). Familiarity with music increases walking speed in rhythmic auditory cuing. ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. 1337. 53- 61.


Mathews, R., Clair, A., Kosloski, K. (2011). Kepping the beat: use of rhytmic music during exercise activities for the elderly with dementia. American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementia, 16(6).377- 380.


Pata, R.W., Lord, K., & Lamb, J. (2014). The effect of Pilates based exercise on mobility, postural stability, and balance in order to decrease fall risk in older adults. J Bodyw Mov Ther, 18(3), 361- 367. doi:10.1016/j.jbmt.2013.11.002.


Roma, M., Busse, A., Betoni, R., de Melo, A., Kong, J., Santarem, J., y otros. (2013). Effects of resistance training and aerobic exercisein elderly people concerning physical fitness and ability: a prospective clinical trial. Einstein (Sao Paulo), 11(2), 153-157.


Ryan, A.S. (2010). Exercise in aging: its important role in mortality, obesity and insulin resistance. Aging health, 6(5), 551-563. doi:10.2217/ahe.10.46.


Sanchez X., Moss L., Twist C., Karageorghis C.I. (2014). On the role of lyrics in the music exercise performance relationship. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 15, 132- 138.


Sanhueza Parra, M., Castro Salas, M., & Merino Escobar, J.M. (2005). Adultos mayores funcionales: un nuevo concepto en salud. Ciencia y enfermería, 11, 17-21.


Terry, P., Karageorghis, C.I., Mecozzi, A., D’Auria, S. (2012). Effects of synchronous music on treadmill running among elite triathletes. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15, 52-57.


Vaughan, S., Morris, N., Shum, D., O'Dwyer, S., & Polit, D. (2012). Study protocol: a randomised controlled trial of the effects of a multi-modal exercise program on cognition and physical functioning in older women. BMC geriatrics, 12, 60.


Verrusio, W., Andreozzia P., Mariglianob, B., Renzic, A., Gianturcoa, V., Peccid, M.T., Ettorrea, E., Cacciafestaa, M., Gueliaa, N. (2014). Exercise training and music therapy inelderly with depressive syndrome: A pilot study. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 22, 614—620.


W.H.O. (2010). Global Recomendations on Physicl Activity for Health. Geneva: WHO Press.


Zavala G., M., Vidal G., D., Castro S., M., Quiroga, P., & Klassen P., G. (2006). Funcionamiento social del adulto mayor. Ciencia y enfermería, 12, 53-62.

Cómo citar
Castillo Retamal, M., Léon Salgado, M., Mondaca Urrutia, J., Bascuñán Retamal, S., & Beltrán Bejarano, K. (2016). El ritmo y la música como herramienta de trabajo para la actividad física con el adulto mayor. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 17(1), 87-99. Recuperado a partir de http://revistacaf.ucm.cl/article/view/94