Condición física de futbolistas adultos y jóvenes de un equipo profesional de Nicaragua

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Jorge Pérez-Contreras https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2314-0204
Rodrigo Villaseca-Vicuña https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2924-6931
Carolina Zapata-Huenullán https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1968-126X
Luis Benavides-Roca https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0995-2564
Pablo Merino-Muñoz https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8323-726X
Francisco Vidal-Maturana https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1403-0668

Resumen

En la actualidad, el fútbol es un deporte que demanda un alto desempeño físico, por lo que conocer las características de la condición física en las distintas categorías de desarrollo se hace fundamental para conducir un óptimo proceso de entrenamiento, de modo que, el objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la condición física de futbolistas de un club profesional de Nicaragua, según la categoría de edad en las cuales se desempeñaban. El presente es un estudio de tipo descriptivo, comparativo, de la condición física de 187 futbolistas, de edades entre 13 y 31 años, distribuidos por categoría según año de nacimiento y plantel profesional. El grupo PRO presenta mayor rendimiento en comparación a las categorías U13, U15, U17 y U21 (p < 0,001) en tiempo sprint lineal 10 metros (F = 71 y TE = 0,71), 30 metros (F = 85 y TE = 0,70), velocidad de tiro (F = 171 y TE = 0,81), Tiempo en test agilidad de Illinois (F = 77 y TE = 0,72) y metros recorridos en Yo-Yo de recuperación intermitente nivel 1 (F = 121 y TE = 0,73). Se puede concluir que existe un mayor rendimiento de los aspectos físicos por parte de las categorías de mayor edad. Estos resultados pueden servir de referencia o de parámetros de comparación de rendimiento físico de jugadores jóvenes y adultos a nivel nacional de Nicaragua.



##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Sección
Investigación
Citas

Alhusaini, A. A., Buragadda, S., & Melam, G. (2020). Associations among Body Mass index, sedentary behavior, physical activity, and academic performance in schoolchildren. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 60(12), 1551–1557. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10482-1


Azcárate, U., Los Arcos, A., & Yanci, J. (2018). Effects of training programs integrated only with football drills on the cardiovascular and neuromuscular performance of amateur footballer players. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 10(2), 257–267.





Bangsbo, J., Iaia, F. M., & Krustrup, P. (2008). The Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test. Sports Medicine, 38, 37–51. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200838010-00004


Barrera, J., Contreras, L. V., Cid, F. M., & Sarmento, H. (2021). Analysis of the physical and anthropometric components of young Chilean footballers from category Sub-13 to Sub-19. Retos, 19(39), 547–555. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v0i39.79537


Boone, J., Vaeyens, R., Steyaert, A., Bossche, L. Vanden, & Bourgois, J. (2012). Physical Fitness of Elite Belgian Soccer Players by Player Position. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(8), 2051–2057. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318239f84f


Bouguezzi, R., Chaabene, H., Negra, Y., Ramirez-Campillo, R., Jlalia, Z., Mkaouer, B., & Hachana, Y. (2020). Effects of Different Plyometric Training Frequencies on Measures of Athletic Performance in Prepuberal Male Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(6), 1609–1617. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002486


Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Forchino, F., Al Haddad, H., Dos Santos, G. A., & Millet, G. P. (2014). Relationships between anthropometric measures and athletic performance, with special reference to repeated-sprint ability, in the Qatar national soccer team. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(13), 1243–1254. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.862840


Caccese, J. B., Buckley, T. A., Tierney, R. T., Rose, W. C., Glutting, J. J., & Kaminski, T. W. (2018). Sex and age differences in head acceleration during purposeful soccer heading. Research in Sports Medicine, 26(1), 64–74. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2017.1393756


Castellano, J. (2018). Relación entre indicadores de rendimiento y el éxito en el fútbol profesional. Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología del Ejercicio y el Deporte, 13(1), 41–49. https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/3111/311153534004.pdf


Ceballos-Gurrola, O., Bernal-Reyes, F., Jardón-Rosas, M., Enríquez-Reyna, M. C., Durazo-Quiroz, J., & Ramírez-Siqueiros, M. G. (2021). Body composition and physical performance of college soccer by player’s position. Retos, 39, 52–57. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v0i39.75075


Coratella, G., Beato, M., & Schena, F. (2018). Correlation between quadriceps and hamstrings inter-limb strength asymmetry with change of direction and sprint in U21 elite soccer-players. Human Movement Science, 59, 81–87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2018.03.016


Da Silva, C. D., Bloomfield, J., & Marins, J. C. B. (2008). A review of stature, body mass and maximal oxygen uptake profiles of U17, U20 and first division players in Brazilian soccer. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7(3), 309–319. https://www.jssm.org/jssm-07-309.xml%3Eabst


Deprez, D., Coutts, A. J., Lenoir, M., Fransen, J., Pion, J., Philippaerts, R., & Vaeyens, R. (2014). Reliability and validity of the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 in young soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(10), 903–910. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.876088


Deprez, D., Fransen, J., Lenoir, M., Philippaerts, R., & Vaeyens, R. (2014). The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 is reliable in young high-level soccer players. Biology of Sport, 32(1), 65–70. https://doi.org/10.5604/20831862.1127284


Dolci, F., Hart, N. H., Kilding, A. E., Chivers, P., Piggott, B., & Spiteri, T. (2020). Physical and Energetic Demand of Soccer: A Brief Review. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 42(3), 70–77. https://doi.org/10.1519/ssc.0000000000000533


Fanchini, M., Schena, F., Castagna, C., Petruolo, A., Combi, F., McCall, A., & Impellizzeri, M. (2015). External Responsiveness of the Yo-Yo IR Test Level 1 in High-level Male Soccer Players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 36(9), 735–741. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1547223


Faude, O., Koch, T., & Meyer, T. (2012). Straight sprinting is the most frequent action in goal situations in professional football. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(7), 625–631. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.665940


Galaviz, U. Z., Gutiérrez, A. O., De Jesús Toledo Domínguez, I., & Perea, R. H. (2018). Somatotype of Mexican soccer players from different competition level. Retos, 34, 100–102.


Gil, S. M., Badiola, A., Bidaurrazaga-Letona, I., Zabala-Lili, J., Gravina, L., Santos-Concejero, J., Lekue, J. A., & Granados, C. (2014). Relationship between the relative age effect and anthropometry, maturity and performance in young soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(5), 479–486. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.832355


González, H. V., Peña-Troncoso, S., Hernández-Mosqueira, C., Barría, M. C., & Espinoza Cortez, J. A. (2020). Morfofunctional characteristics of a sample from first B Chilean professional football players according to playing position. MHSalud: Revista en Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Salud, 18(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.15359/mhs.18-1.5


Haugen, T. A., Tønnessen, E., Hisdal, J., & Seiler, S. (2014). The role and development of sprinting speed in soccer. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(3), 432–441. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2013-0121


Hunter, A. H., Smith, N. M. A., Camata, T. V., Crowther, M. S., Mather, A., Souza, N. M., Ramos-Silva, L. F., Pazetto, N. F., Moura, F. A., & Wilson, R. S. (2022). Age- and size-corrected kicking speed and accuracy in elite junior soccer players. Science and Medicine in Football, 6(1), 29–39. https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2021.1899274


Kobal, R., Loturco, I., Gil, S., Cal Abad, C. C., Cuniyochi, R., Barroso, R., & Tricoli, V. (2016). Comparison of physical performance among Brazilian elite soccer players of different age-categories. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 56(4), 376–382. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ronaldo-Kobal/publication/269712042_Comparison_of_physical_performance_among_Brazilian_elite_soccer_players_
of_different_age-categories/links/556ef55508aeccd7774095ce/Comparison-of-physical-performance-among-Brazilian-elite-soccer-players-of-different-age-categories.pdf


Loturco, I., Jeffreys, I., Abad, C. C. C., Kobal, R., Zanetti, V., Pereira, L. A., & Nimphius, S. (2020). Change-of-direction, speed and jump performance in soccer players: a comparison across different age-categories. Journal of Sports Sciences, 38(11–12), 1279–1285. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1574276


Lovell, R., Towlson, C., Parkin, G., Portas, M., Vaeyens, R., & Cobley, S. (2015). Soccer player characteristics in English lower-league development programmes: The relationships between relative age, maturation, anthropometry and physical fitness. PLoS ONE, 10(9). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137238


Malina, R. M., Cumming, S. P., Rogol, A. D., Coelho-e-Silva, M. J., Figueiredo, A. J., Konarski, J. M., & Kozieł, S. M. (2019). Bio-Banding in Youth Sports: Background, Concept, and Application. Sports Medicine, 49, 1671–1685. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01166-x


Malina, R. M., Figueiredo, A. J., & Coelho-e-Silva, M. J. (2017). Body Size of Male Youth Soccer Players: 1978–2015. Sports Medicine, 47, 1983–1992. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0743-x


Malina, R. M., Eisenmann, J. C., Cumming, S. P., Ribeiro, B., & Aroso, J. (2004). Maturity-associated variation in the growth and functional capacities of youth football (soccer) players 13-15 years. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 91(5–6), 555–562. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-003-0995-z


Merino-Muñoz, P., Vidal-Maturana, F., Aedo-Muñoz, E., Villaseca-Vicuña, R., & Pérez-Contreras, J. (2021). Relationship between vertical jump, linear sprint and change of direction in chilean female soccer players. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 21(5), 2737–2744. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2021.05364


Mujika, I., Santisteban, J., Impellizzeri, F. M., & Castagna, C. (2009). Fitness determinants of success in men’s and women’s football. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(2), 107–114. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410802428071


Negra, Y., Chaabene, H., Amara, S., Jaric, S., Hammami, M., & Hachana, Y. (2017). Evaluation of the Illinois Change of Direction Test in Youth Elite Soccer Players of Different Age. Journal of Human Kinetics, 58(1), 215–224. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2017-0079


O’Brien-Smith, J., Bennett, K. J. M., Fransen, J., & Smith, M. R. (2020). Same or different? A comparison of anthropometry, physical fitness and perceptual motor characteristics in male and female youth soccer players. Science and Medicine in Football, 4(1), 37–44. https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2019.1650197


Pate, R. R., Pratt, M., Blair, S. N., Haskell, W. L., Macera, C. A., Bouchard, C., Buchner, D., Ettinger, W., Heath, G. W., & King, A. C. (1995). Physical activity and public health. A recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. JAMA, 273(5), 402–407. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1995.03520290054029


Pérez-Contreras, J., Merino-Muñoz, P., & Aedo-Muñoz, E. (2021). Link between body composition, sprint and vertical jump in young elite soccer players from Chile. MHSalud: Revista en Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Salud, 18(2), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.15359/mhs.18-2.5


Popowczak, M., Rokita, A., Świerzko, K., Szczepan, S., Michalski, R., & Maćkała, K. (2019). Are linear speed and jumping ability determinants of change of direction movements in young male soccer players? Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 18(1), 109–117. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370957/


Rada, A., Kuvačić, G., De Giorgio, A., Sellami, M., Ardigò, L. P., Bragazzi, N. L., & Padulo, J. (2019). The ball kicking speed: A new, efficient performance indicator in youth soccer. PLoS ONE, 14(5), e0217101. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217101


Reynolds, J., Connor, M., Jamil, M., & Beato, M. (2021). Quantifying and Comparing the Match Demands of U18, U23, and 1ST Team English Professional Soccer Players. Frontiers in Physiology, 12, 706451 https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2021.706451


Šimonek, J., Horička, P., & Hianik, J. (2016). Differences in pre-planned agility and reactive agility performance in sport games. Acta Gymnica, 46(2), 68–73. https://doi.org/10.5507/ag.2016.006


Slimani, M., & Nikolaidis, P. T. (2019). Anthropometric and physiological characteristics of male soccer players according to their competitive level, playing position and age group: A systematic review. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 59(1), 141-163. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07950-6


Spencer, M., Bishop, D., Dawson, B., & Goodman, C. (2005). Physiological and Metabolic Responses of Repeated-Sprint Activities. Sports Medicine, 35, 1025–1044. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200535120-00003


Towlson, C., Salter, J., Ade, J. D., Enright, K., Harper, L. D., Page, R. M., & Malone, J. J. (2021). Maturity-associated considerations for training load, injury risk, and physical performance in youth soccer: One size does not fit all. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 10(4), 403-412. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2020.09.003


Turner, A. N., & Stewart, P. F. (2014). Strength and conditioning for soccer players. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 36(4), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000054


Villaseca-Vicuña, R., Molina-Sotomayor, E., Zabaloy, S., & Gonzalez-Jurado, J. A. (2021). Anthropometric Profile and Physical Fitness Performance Comparison by Game Position in the Chile Women’s Senior National Football Team. Applied Sciences, 11(5), 2004. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11052004


Villaseca-Vicuña, R., Otero-Saborido, F. M., Perez-Contreras, J., & Gonzalez-Jurado, J. A. (2021). Relationship between Physical Fitness and Match Performance Parameters of Chile Women’s National Football Team. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(16), 8412. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168412





Cómo citar
Pérez-Contreras, J., Villaseca-Vicuña, R., Zapata-Huenullán, C., Benavides-Roca, L., Merino-Muñoz, P., & Vidal-Maturana, F. (2022). Condición física de futbolistas adultos y jóvenes de un equipo profesional de Nicaragua. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 23(2), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.29035/rcaf.23.2.4