Efectos del entrenamiento aeróbico y de fuerza combinados vs entrenamiento aeróbico sobre capacidad aeróbica y fuerza muscular en pacientes con enfermedad de las arterias coronarias

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Bruno Bizzozero Peroni https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0614-5561
Valentina Díaz Goñi https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1724-1893

Resumen

El objetivo de esta revisión fue comparar la influencia del entrenamiento aeróbico y de fuerza combinados (EAFC) con el entrenamiento aeróbico (EA) sobre capacidad aeróbica, fuerza muscular y otras variables relevantes en la rehabilitación cardíaca (RC) de pacientes con enfermedad de las arterias coronaria (EAC). Realizamos una revisión de revisiones sistemáticas y meta-análisis en PubMed hasta el 27 de abril de 2019. Se identificaron un total de 30 artículos y se seleccionaron finalmente 3 estudios para esta revisión. La calidad general de los estudios incluidos fue moderada (AMSTAR-2). El EAFC presentó mayores mejorías en comparación al EA sobre capacidad aeróbica, composición corporal y fuerza muscular en pacientes adultos (rango de edad media: 45-73 años) con EAC. Esta revisión agrega evidencia adicional que el EAFC presenta mejoras clínicamente significativas sobre capacidad aeróbica y fuerza muscular en comparación al EA. Son necesarios más estudios que permitan establecer conclusiones consistentes de los efectos del EAFC en comparación al EA sobre calidad de vida. Además, son necesarios más estudios que analicen diferentes protocolos del EAFC y que permitan establecer su prescripción más eficiente en la RC de esta población.



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Cómo citar
Bizzozero Peroni, B., & Díaz Goñi, V. (2020). Efectos del entrenamiento aeróbico y de fuerza combinados vs entrenamiento aeróbico sobre capacidad aeróbica y fuerza muscular en pacientes con enfermedad de las arterias coronarias. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 21(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.29035/rcaf.21.1.2