Efecto de la práctica mental kinestésica en la fuerza y actividad mioeléctrica del bíceps braquial, luego de un periodo de inmovilización de codo en adultos-jóvenes sanos

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Nicole Ulloa-Escalante https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9255-8882
Raquel Elena Castro-Pérez https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4991-3233
Bryan Montero Herrera https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2204-4760
Judith Jiménez-Díaz https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8663-7413

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el efecto de la práctica mental kinestésica (PMK) en la fuerza y actividad eléctrica muscular (AEM) del bíceps braquial, luego de un periodo de inmovilización del codo en un grupo de personas adultos jóvenes sanos. Un total de 14 personas (18,64 ± 0,92 años de edad) participaron voluntariamente del estudio, a las cuales se les evaluó la fuerza muscular de prensión y la AEM del bíceps braquial utilizando un dinamómetro de mano y un equipo de electromiografía, respectivamente, antes y después de un periodo de inmovilización del brazo no dominante, y se asignaron aleatoriamente a uno de dos grupos: grupo control (GC) o experimental (GE). El GE realizó PMK: tres series de 15 repeticiones con un minuto de descanso entre series, tres veces al día durante los seis días de inmovilización, mientras que el GC no realizó PKM durante su inmovilización. Al aplicar una prueba de ANOVA de dos vías, no se encontraron diferencias significativas en la fuerza ni en la AEM. Sin embargo, la fuerza del GC disminuyó en 23,75%, mientras que la del GE aumentó en 33,19%. Los resultados sugieren que un periodo de inmovilización del codo de seis días no fue suficiente para que la fuerza ni la AEM disminuyan significativamente, lo que supone que la PMK realizada no es necesaria en periodos menores a seis días.



##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Sección
Investigación
Citas

Bahari, S. M., Damirchi, A., Rahmaninia, F., & Salehian, M. H. (2011). The effects of mental practice on strength gain and electromyographic changes in elbow flexor muscles. Annals of Biological Research, 2(6), 198-207. https://www.scholarsresearchlibrary.com/abstract/the-effects-of-mental-practice-on-strength-gain-and-electromyographic-changes-in-elbow-flexor-muscles-9314.html


Clark, B. C., Mahato, N. K., Nakazawa, M., Law, T. D., & Thomas, J. S. (2014). The power of the mind: the cortex as a critical determinant of muscle strength/weakness. Journal of neurophysiology, 112(12), 3219-3226. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00386.2014






Debarnot, U., Perrault, A. A., Sterpenich, V., Legendre, G., Huber, C., Guillot, A., & Schwartz, S. (2021). Motor imagery practice benefits during arm immobilization. Scientific Reports, 11, 8928. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-88142-6


Di Rienzo, F., Blache, Y., Kanthack, T. F., Monteil, K., Collet, C., & Guillot, A. (2015). Short-term effects of integrated motor imagery practice on muscle activation and force performance. Neuroscience, 305, 146-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2015.07.080


Dirks, M. L., Backx, E. M. P., Wall, B. T., Verdijk, L. B., & van Loon, L. J. C. (2016). May bed rest cause greater muscle loss than limb immobilization?. Acta Physiologica, 218(1), 10-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.12699


Driskell, J. E., Copper, C., & Moran, A. (1994). Does mental practice enhance performance?. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(4), 481-492. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.79.4.481


Frenkel, M. O., Herzig, D. S., Gebhard, F., Mayer, J., Becker, C., & Einsiedel, T. (2014). Mental practice maintains range of motion despite forearm immobilization: A pilot study in healthy persons. Journal of rehabilitation medicine, 46(3), 225–232. https://doi.org/10.2340/16501977-1263


Guillot, A., Lebon, F., Rouffet, D., Champely, S., Doyon, J., & Collet, C. (2007). Muscular responses during motor imagery as a function of muscle contraction types. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 66(1), 18-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2007.05.009


Heyward, V. H. (2008). Evaluación de la Aptitud Física y Prescripción del Ejercicio. Médica Panamericana.


Jackson, P. L., Lafleur, M. F., Malouin, F., Richards, C. L., & Doyon, J. (2003). Functional cerebral reorganization following motor sequence learning through mental practice with motor imagery. Neuroimage, 20(2), 1171–1180. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1053-8119(03)00369-0


Keppel, G., & Wickens, T. D. (2004). Design and Analysis: A Researcher’s Handbook. Prentice Hall. https://books.google.com/books?id=SOckAQAAIAAJ


Konrad, P. (2005). The ABC of EMG: A practical introduction to kinesiological electromyography. Noraxon INC. USA.


Kraemer, W., Denegar, C., & Flanagan, S. (2009). Recovery From Injury in Sport: Considerations in the Transition From Medical Care to Performance Care. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach, 1(5), 392-395. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738109343156


Kuhtz‐Buschbeck, J. P., Mahnkopf, C., Holzknecht, C., Siebner, H., Ulmer, S., & Jansen, O. (2003). Effector-independent representations of simple and complex imagined finger movements: A combined fMRI and TMS study. European Journal of Neuroscience, 18(12), 3375-3387. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2003.03066.x


Leung, M. C. M., Spittle, M., & Kidgell, D. J. (2013). Corticospinal Excitability Following Short-Term Motor Imagery Training of a Strength Task. Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity, 8(1), 35–44. https://doi.org/10.1515/jirspa-2012-0006


Liu, H., Song, L., & Zhang, T. (2014). Mental practice combined with physical practice to enhance hand recovery in stroke patients. Behavioural neurology, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/876416


Meugnot, A., Almecija, Y., & Toussaint, L. (2014). The embodied nature of motor imagery processes highlighted by short-term limb immobilization. Experimental Psychology, 61(3), 180-186. https://doi.org/10.1027/1618-3169/a000237


Newsom, J., Knight, P., & Balnave, R. (2003). Use of Mental Imagery to Limit Strength Loss after Immobilization. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 12(3), 249-258. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.12.3.249


Newbold, D. J., Laumann, T. O., Hoyt, C. R., Hampton, J. M., Montez, D. F., Raut, R. V., Ortega, M., Mitra, A., Nielsen, A., Miller, D., Adeyemo, B., Nguyen, A., Scheidter, K., Tanenbaum, A., Van, A., Marek, S., Schlaggar, B., Carter, A., Greene, D., ... Dosenbach, N. U. (2020). Plasticity and spontaneous activity pulses in disused human brain circuits. Neuron, 107(3), 580-589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2020.05.007


Olusoga, P., Maynard, I., Butt, J., & Hays, K. (2014). Coaching under pressure: Mental skills training for sports coaches. Sport and exercise psychology review, 10(3), 31–44. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.639384


Reaz, M. B. I., Hussain, M. S., & Mohd-Yasin, F. (2006). Techniques of EMG signal analysis: Detection, processing, classification and application. Biological procedures online, 8(1), 11–35. https://doi.org/10.1251/bpo115


Robles, E. P., & Gil, J. A. D. (2019). Efectos de la imaginería motora aplicada durante el periodo de inmovilización o posquirúrgico en miembro superior: Una revisión sistemática. Fisioterapia, 41(4), 219-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ft.2019.05.002


Rozand, V., Lebon, F., Papaxanthis, C., & Lepers, R. (2014). Does a mental training session induce neuromuscular fatigue? Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 46(10), 1981–1989. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000000327


Slimani, M., Tod, D., Chaabene, H., Miarka, B., & Chamari, K. (2016). Effects of Mental Imagery on Muscular Strength in Healthy and Patient Participants: A Systematic Review. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 15(3), 434-450. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4974856/


Stecklow, M. V., Infantosi, A. F. C., & Cagy, M. (2010). EEG changes during sequences of visual and kinesthetic motor imagery. Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria, 68(4), 556–561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2010000400015


Stegeman, D., & Hermens, H. (2007). Standards for surface electromyography: The European project Surface EMG for non-invasive assessment of muscles (SENIAM). Roessingh Research and Development, 108–112.


Stenekes, M. W., Geertzen, J. H., Nicolai, J.-P. A., De Jong, B. M., & Mulder, T. (2009). Effects of Motor Imagery on Hand Function During Immobilization After Flexor Tendon Repair. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(4), 553-559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2008.10.029


Suchomel, T. J., Nimphius, S., Bellon, C. R., & Stone, M. H. (2018). The importance of muscular strength: training considerations. Sports medicine, 48(4), 765-785. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0862-z


Thomas, J. R., Nelson, J. K., & Silverman, S. (2005). Research Methods in Physical Activity (5a Ed.). Human Kinetics.


Valdes, O., Ramirez, C., Perez, F., Garcia‐Vicencio, S., Nosaka, K., & Penailillo, L. (2021). Contralateral effects of eccentric resistance training on immobilized arm. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 31(1), 76-90. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13821


Vigelsø, A., Gram, M., Wiuff, C., Andersen, J., Helge, J., & Dela, F. (2015). Six weeks’ aerobic retraining after two weeks’ immobilization restores leg lean mass and aerobic capacity but does not fully rehabilitate leg strenght in young and older men. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 47(6), 552-560. https://doi.org/10.2340/16501977-1961


Vodičar, J., Kovač, E., & Tušak, M. (2012). Effectiveness of athletes’ pre-competition mental preparation. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 18(1), 22-37. https://www.proquest.com/docview/1032975081


Wall, B. T., Dirks, M. L., Snijders, T., Senden, J. M. G., Dolmans, J., & van Loon, L. J. C. (2014). Substantial skeletal muscle loss occurs during only 5 days of disuse. Acta Physiologica, 210(3), 600-611. https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.12190


Wiese-Bjornstal, D. M. (2014). Reflections on a quarter-century of research in sports medicine psychology. Revista de psicología del deporte, 23(2), 411-421. https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/2351/235131674021.pdf


Yang, J., Tibbetts, A. S., Covassin, T., Cheng, G., Nayar, S., & Heiden, E. (2012). Epidemiology of overuse and acute injuries among competitive collegiate athletes. Journal of athletic training, 47(2), 198-204. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-47.2.198


Yao, W. X., Ranganathan, V. K., Allexandre, D., Siemionow, V., & Yue, G. H. (2013). Kinesthetic imagery training of forceful muscle contractions increases brain signal and muscle strength. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 561. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00561






Cómo citar
Ulloa-Escalante, N., Castro-Pérez, R., Montero Herrera, B., & Jiménez-Díaz, J. (2022). Efecto de la práctica mental kinestésica en la fuerza y actividad mioeléctrica del bíceps braquial, luego de un periodo de inmovilización de codo en adultos-jóvenes sanos. Ciencias De La Actividad Física UCM, 23(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.29035/rcaf.23.1.3